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Heart Sounds: A Guide to Differentiating S1 and S2

Introduction Heart Sounds the intricate rhythm of your heart isn’t merely a matter of fascination; it’s a vital part of evaluating your heart’s overall health. If you’ve ever had a medical checkup, you’ve likely experienced the doctor’s cold stethoscope pressed against your chest. What’s happening during those few seconds? Your doctor is tuned in to…

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Normal Heart Sounds

Introduction: Normal Heart Sounds: Dive into the fascinating world of normal heart sounds and learn about the unique nuances that accompany them throughout the cardiac cycle. Whether you’re a professional healthcare provider or simply curious about heart health, this section will guide you through everything you need to know about split and unsplit second heart…

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Exploring the Link Between Cardiac Conditions and Sudden Death: A Comprehensive Overview

This category offers a comprehensive survey of both normal and abnormal heart sounds and murmurs encountered in primary care. It covers a range of conditions such as hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, severe aortic stenosis, arrhythmogenic right ventricular dysplasia, mitral valve prolapse, myocarditis, commotion cordis, and Ebstein’s anomaly. The lesson begins with the basics of normal heart sounds…

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The Inner Workings of the Heart: Exploring Complex Heart Conditions and Their Sounds

This category focuses on complex heart conditions where murmurs are present during both systole and diastole. These conditions include severe mitral regurgitation, severe tricuspid regurgitation, mitral stenosis, rheumatic regurgitation, and acute pericarditis. To benefit from this session, it’s essential to have completed the normal heart sounds, first heart sound, second heart sound, extra heart sounds…

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The Different Types of Diastolic Murmurs and What They Mean for Your Heart

This Diastolic Murmurs category is designed to enhance your understanding of diastolic murmurs, including aortic regurgitation (mild), pulmonary regurgitation (mild), mitral stenosis (mild, moderate, severe), and tricuspid stenosis (moderate). Diastolic murmurs are heart murmurs heard during diastole and indicate changes in the structure or function of cardiovascular structures. Before beginning this session, it is recommended…

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Understanding the Causes and Effects of Systolic Murmurs: A Comprehensive Guide

Systolic murmurs are caused by turbulent blood flow across the heart valves during systole. They are classified based on their timing, location, and characteristics. The following are the different types of systolic murmurs: It is essential to have a good understanding of normal heart sounds before learning about abnormal heart sounds. Proper auscultation techniques and…

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Listening Beyond Lub-Dub: Exploring the Significance of S3 and S4 Heart Sounds

Welcome to this extra heart sounds category, which will help you learn about the auscultation of the third and fourth heart sounds, including third heart sound gallop, fourth heart sound gallop, third and fourth heart sound gallop, and summation gallop at 120 beats per minute. The third heart sound (S3) occurs during the rapid filling…

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Listening to Your Heart: Understanding the Second Heart Sound

Welcome to the second heart sound category of this website, where you will learn about various aspects of the second heart sound, including physiologically split, second heart sound with persistent splitting, second heart sound with fixed splitting, and an increase in aortic intensity, among others. Before beginning this session, please ensure that you have completed…

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Understanding the First Heart Sound: Types and Causes Explained

Possible causes of a loud first heart sound: Additional information on the characteristics of the first heart sound: 4. Splitting: The first heart sound may be split in some individuals, especially during inspiration. This is due to the fact that the closure of the A-V valves is delayed during inspiration due to increased venous return…

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