The Enigmatic Location and Function of the Kidneys: Unraveling the Mystery of Retroperitoneal Organs

Kidneys are paired excretory organs located on the posterior abdominal wall behind the peritoneum. They are situated in the epigastric, hypochondriac, lumbar, and umbilical regions. Kidney histology includes the cortex with glomeruli, proximal convoluted tubules, distal convoluted tubules, and collecting ducts. Understanding kidney anatomy and histology is essential to appreciate their excretory functions in the body.

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