Behavioural Sciences Lectures


In the ever-evolving field of Behavioural Sciences Lectures , a deep understanding of various aspects and concepts plays a pivotal role in comprehensive patient care. This exploration of key behavioral science terms aims to shed light on the multitude of components that shape this discipline. From psychological and physiological reactions such as arousal and stress management, to mental health disorders like panic disorder and psychosis, to interventions that include both allopathic and complementary alternative treatments, the range of topics under this umbrella is vast. We also touch on ethical considerations in medical practice, the influence of psychology in medicine, and the impacts of larger societal issues, such as terrorism, on individual and collective psyches. Each term represents a crucial part of the rich tapestry of behavioral sciences, contributing to our understanding of the complex interplay between mind, body, and society.


Arousal refers to the physiological and psychological state of being awoken or alert. It involves the activation of the reticular activating system in the brain stem, the autonomic nervous system, and the endocrine system, leading to increased heart rate and blood pressure.

Case Report Psychiatry

A case report in psychiatry is a detailed account of the symptoms, signs, diagnosis, treatment, and follow-up of an individual patient in the field of psychiatry. It typically describes an unusual or novel occurrence to further knowledge and understanding of mental health disorders.

Chapter 1

Chapter 1 typically introduces the foundational concepts and objectives in a book or study material. In behavioral sciences, it might lay out the scope of the discipline, key theories, and historical perspectives.

Chapter 2

Chapter 2 usually builds upon the foundational knowledge introduced in the first chapter. It might explore specific aspects of behavioral science in greater depth, such as major behavioral theories or key research methods used in the field.

Chapter 3

Chapter 3 typically delves deeper into the topic, presenting more complex concepts, more specialized research methods, or a deeper exploration of key theories and their applications in behavioral science.

Chapter 8 Physiological Aspects of Pain

This chapter likely discusses the biological underpinnings of pain, exploring how the body perceives and responds to pain, the various types of pain, and the impact of psychological factors on pain perception.

Common Psychiatric Disorders in General Health Settings

This topic refers to the mental health conditions frequently encountered in non-specialist healthcare settings. These can include depression, anxiety disorders, substance use disorders, and others, which can significantly affect patients’ health outcomes if not addressed.

Complementary and Alternative Medicine

Complementary and Alternative Medicine (CAM) refers to diverse medical and health care practices, products, and systems that are not generally considered part of conventional medicine. Examples include acupuncture, yoga, herbal medicine, and mindfulness techniques.


Delirium is an acute and fluctuating disturbance of consciousness and cognition. It is typically characterized by decreased attention span, disorganized thinking, and altered level of consciousness.

Difference Between Neurosis and Psychosis

Neurosis and psychosis are two different types of mental disorders. Neurosis, now more often referred to as anxiety disorders, includes conditions such as obsessive-compulsive disorder and post-traumatic stress disorder, where individuals can still differentiate between reality and their thoughts. Psychosis, on the other hand, is characterized by a disconnection from reality, with symptoms such as hallucinations and delusions.

Dissociative and Possession State

Dissociative and possession states are mental health conditions in which there is a disruption or discontinuity in the normal integration of consciousness, memory, identity, emotion, perception, body representation, motor control, and behavior. In a possession state, the person’s sense of personal identity is replaced by a new identity, often believed to be that of a spirit, power, deity, or other person.

Drug Abuse, Alcohol, and Tobacco Use

This topic addresses the misuse of substances such as drugs, alcohol, and tobacco, including the behavioral, psychological, and physical effects of these substances, their addictive potential, and treatments for addiction.

History Taking Assessment Details

This refers to the process of collecting a thorough medical and personal history from a patient. In behavioral sciences, history taking also includes a detailed mental health history, exploring current symptoms, past psychiatric history, family history, social history, and other relevant factors.

Holistic vs Traditional Allopathic Medicine

This topic contrasts holistic medicine, which views the patient as a whole and emphasizes the connection between mind and body, with traditional allopathic medicine, which tends to focus on the treatment of specific physical diseases.


The introduction generally sets the stage for a subject, providing an overview and outlining the purpose, scope, and significance of the subject at hand. It serves to familiarize the reader with the content they will encounter.

Medical Ethics

Medical ethics is a system of moral principles that apply values to the practice of clinical medicine and in scientific research. It includes respect for autonomy, beneficence, non-maleficence, and justice.

Non-Pharmacological Interventions in Clinical Practice

Non-pharmacological interventions are treatments that do not involve medications. In the context of behavioral science, these can include cognitive-behavioral therapy, mindfulness, physical exercise, and social interventions.

Panic Disorder

Panic disorder is an anxiety disorder characterized by recurring severe panic attacks. It may also include significant behavioral changes lasting at least a month and ongoing worry about the implications or concern about having other attacks.

Psychological Aspects of Health and Disease

This topic examines the role of psychological factors in health and disease. It covers areas such as how stress can impact physical health, how mental attitudes can influence disease outcomes, and how psychological principles can be used to promote healthy behaviors.

Psychology in Medical Practices

Psychology in medical practices refers to the integration of psychological theories, methods, and knowledge into the practice of medicine. This includes the understanding of patient behavior, mental states, and therapeutic communication.

Psychosocial Aspects of Terrorism

This subject looks at the psychological and social effects of terrorism, including fear, anxiety, and other mental health disorders. It also explores societal reactions to terrorism and the psychological strategies used by terrorist groups.

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Sleep Disorders

Sleep disorders are a group of conditions that affect the ability to sleep well on a regular basis. They can include conditions like insomnia, sleep apnea, restless legs syndrome, and narcolepsy, each of which may impact an individual’s mental and physical health.

Stress and Its Management

This topic addresses the physiological and psychological responses to stress, the impact of chronic stress on health, and various techniques to manage stress, such as relaxation techniques, exercise, and cognitive-behavioral strategies.

Suicide and Deliberate Self Harm, NSSI

This subject deals with serious mental health issues including suicidal ideation and behaviors, deliberate self-harm, and Non-Suicidal Self-Injury (NSSI). It covers risk factors, warning signs, prevention strategies, and treatments.

Unexplained Somatic Complaints

Unexplained somatic complaints, also known as somatoform disorders, are physical symptoms that appear to be medical in nature but cannot be explained by a physical disease or condition. These symptoms can significantly impact a person’s daily life and may require mental health treatment.


In conclusion, the wide array of terms presented here underscores the complex and multifaceted nature of the field of behavioral sciences. It is a discipline that extends beyond the diagnosis and treatment of mental health disorders, encompassing aspects of psychology, biology, society, and ethics that impact our health and wellbeing. A comprehensive understanding of these terms and concepts is crucial for anyone engaged in healthcare or related fields, as they collectively inform more holistic and effective approaches to patient care. As the field continues to grow and evolve, these foundational concepts will remain integral to our understanding and practice of effective, compassionate, and ethical healthcare.

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