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Gynaecology & Obstetrics Lecture : Past Paper


Gynaecology & Obstetrics Lecture: Welcome to our comprehensive library of gynaecological and obstetric resources. This collection of documents spans the full spectrum of topics related to female reproductive health, pregnancy, childbirth, and postpartum care. From the intricate process of fertilization and fetal development to the multifaceted management of labor and delivery, each resource offers in-depth, evidence-based insights that are beneficial to healthcare professionals, students, and anyone interested in understanding the remarkable journey of bringing new life into the world.

Gynae Abnormalities of Amniotic Fluid

Explore an in-depth study on the abnormalities related to the amniotic fluid in gynaecology. Uncover how these abnormalities can impact the mother and child’s health and understand the appropriate medical interventions for these conditions.

Gynae Analgesia in Labor

Learn about the various methods and techniques of pain relief or analgesia in labor. Discover how healthcare professionals ensure the comfort and wellbeing of the mother during childbirth and how analgesia contributes to a safer delivery.

Gynae Cord Prolapse

Immerse yourself in the topic of cord prolapse, a potentially dangerous situation that can occur during delivery. Understand its causes, symptoms, and emergency management steps to ensure optimal outcomes for both mother and baby.

Gynae Diagnosis of Pregnancy and Hyperemesis Gravidarum

Uncover the early signs of pregnancy and the subsequent diagnosis process. In addition, delve into the condition of hyperemesis gravidarum, a severe form of morning sickness, its implications, and methods of management.

Gynae Episiotomy

Learn about episiotomy, a common surgical intervention during labor. Understand why it’s performed, its benefits and potential risks, and the healing process after the procedure.

Gynae Fertilization and Implantation

Take a deep dive into the initial stages of pregnancy, from the fusion of egg and sperm during fertilization to the attachment of the fertilized egg in the uterus during implantation.

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Gynae fertilization _ implantation by Khadija.pdf

Gynae Fetal Development

Understand the fascinating journey of fetal development. Learn about each stage, from the first cell division to the full development of the baby, detailing the complex biological processes involved.

Gynae Gestational Diabetes

Discover the implications of gestational diabetes, a common condition affecting pregnant women. Learn about its symptoms, the importance of early detection, and its management to ensure the wellbeing of both mother and child.

Gynae Hypertension in Pregnancy

Learn about the challenges and risks associated with hypertension, or high blood pressure, during pregnancy. Uncover how it can impact both the mother and the baby and understand the different treatment strategies.

Gynae Malpresentation

Dive into the concept of malpresentation, which refers to any position of the fetus that isn’t head-first at the time of delivery. Understand its potential causes and the various methods to manage such scenarios for safe childbirth.

Gynae Management of Abnormal Second Stage of Labor

Discover the complexities and medical protocols involved in managing the abnormal second stage of labor. Understand the challenges faced and the decisions made by healthcare professionals to ensure the safest delivery possible.

Gynae Management of Labor

Uncover the numerous factors involved in managing labor, from initial contractions to the delivery of the baby. Learn about the roles of healthcare professionals and how they work to ensure a safe and comfortable experience for the mother.

Gynae Maternal Pelvis and Fetal Skull

Delve into the interplay between the maternal pelvis and the fetal skull during childbirth. Understand how their sizes and shapes can affect the labor process and determine the method of delivery.

Gynae Normal Fetal Growth

Explore the world of normal fetal growth and the factors that influence it. Learn about the various milestones and markers used by healthcare professionals to monitor the healthy development of the baby.

Gynae Operative Vaginal Delivery

Learn about operative vaginal delivery, which includes procedures like vacuum and forceps-assisted births. Understand why these methods are employed and how they can contribute to the successful delivery of a child.

Gynae Physiology of Labor

Immerse yourself in the intricate physiological processes that enable labor and childbirth. Discover how various hormones and body systems work in harmony to bring a new life into the world.

Gynae Pregnancy

Explore the topic of pregnancy, covering its various stages, the changes it brings about in a woman’s body, and the numerous factors that can influence its course.

Gynae Stages of Labor

Learn about the different stages of labor, each marking a specific phase in the process of childbirth. From the initial contractions to the birth of the baby and delivery of the placenta, understand the journey that marks the start of a new life.

Diagnosis of Pregnancy

Embark on an insightful journey through the processes and techniques involved in diagnosing a pregnancy. Learn about the first signs, home-based tests, and professional medical procedures that confirm the onset of pregnancy. Understand the role of human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) and ultrasound technology in providing accurate diagnoses, as well as the significance of an early diagnosis for optimum prenatal care.

Gynae Fertilization and Implantation

Delve deep into the captivating world of human reproduction, focusing on the initial stages of conception, namely fertilization and implantation. Understand the complex series of events that lead to the fusion of the egg and sperm, the subsequent formation of the zygote, and its journey to the uterus for implantation. Appreciate the fine balance and precision of this natural process that sets the foundation for pregnancy.

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History Taking in Gynaecology

Explore the art and science of history taking in gynaecology, a crucial component in the clinical assessment of patients. Learn about the key elements of a thorough history, including present complaints, past medical and surgical history, menstrual and obstetric history, contraceptive usage, and family history. Understand how an effective and empathetic history-taking process can pave the way for accurate diagnosis and personalized care in gynaecology.


We hope that this library of gynaecological and obstetric resources has been enlightening and informative, offering you valuable insights into the fascinating world of female reproductive health and childbirth. The complexity and beauty of these natural processes underscore the importance of knowledge and appropriate care in ensuring the health and wellbeing of both mother and child. Keep exploring, keep learning, and remember that every piece of information contributes to a better, safer, and more successful healthcare journey.

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