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Second Year MBBS : Past Paper


The second year of the MBBS program marks a pivotal stage in the journey of a medical student. This year is the cornerstone upon which subsequent years of medical studies rest, as it provides a deep dive into the core theoretical and practical aspects of medical science. It is in this year that the four primary subjects – Anatomy, Biochemistry, Physiology, and Islamiyat/Pakistan Studies – are covered extensively. The students are expected to synthesize and apply the knowledge gained in these areas to further their understanding of the human body, its systems, processes, and the cultural contexts that affect healthcare.


Anatomy is the study of the human body’s structure. It is fundamental to the understanding of medicine as it provides the basis for understanding the location and relationship of body organs, their physical characteristics, and their interconnections.

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Physiology is the study of the functions and mechanisms at work within the human body. It explores how the body’s various systems interact to keep the body functioning optimally. Students will delve into subjects such as neurophysiology, cardiovascular physiology, respiratory physiology, renal physiology, and gastrointestinal physiology, to name a few. Understanding physiology is essential to comprehend how the body responds to disease and how treatments work to restore normal body function.


Biochemistry is the study of the chemical processes that occur in living organisms. This branch of science combines biology and chemistry to explore the reactions and molecules that are vital to life. As part of the MBBS program, biochemistry delves into the metabolic pathways, enzyme function, cellular signaling, and molecular genetics, among others. The knowledge of biochemistry is critical for understanding the pathological processes of diseases and their appropriate treatment methods.

Islamiyat/Pakistan Studies

Islamiyat/Pakistan Studies is an integral part of the MBBS program. It provides students with an understanding of the cultural, social, and religious context within which they will practice medicine. This course helps students appreciate the influence of Islam on the healthcare system in Pakistan, and covers topics such as bioethics in Islam, healthcare practices, and patient care principles. The Pakistan Studies aspect of the course explores the country’s historical and contemporary issues, allowing students to comprehend the socio-political context of health and healthcare delivery in Pakistan.


The second year of the MBBS program is instrumental in shaping a student’s understanding and approach towards the practice of medicine. The comprehensive study of Anatomy, Biochemistry, Physiology, and Islamiyat/Pakistan Studies forms the foundation upon which students build their clinical knowledge and skills in the subsequent years. By the end of this year, students are expected to possess a holistic understanding of the human body, the chemical processes that sustain life, and the cultural and societal factors that influence healthcare delivery. This knowledge, coupled with the compassion and dedication intrinsic to the profession, propels them on their journey to becoming effective, ethical, and culturally competent physicians.

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