Parasitology : Past Paper


Welcome to our extensive collection of resources on parasitology. Here, you will find lectures on parasite classification, protozoalogy, helminthology, and unique insights into central nervous system infections, gastrointestinal infections, hematologic infections, and more. Accompanied by diagrams, illustrations, and notes, these resources aim to provide a comprehensive understanding of parasitology to students, professionals, and enthusiasts alike.

Parasitology Classification

Parasitology, the study of parasites and their relationships with host organisms, can be classified based on various aspects, such as the type of parasites, their hosts, the diseases they cause, or the disciplines and techniques used in their study.

Based on the Type of parasite:

  • Protozoology: This focuses on protozoan parasites, which are single-celled organisms such as Plasmodium species (the causative agents of malaria), Trypanosoma species (causing African sleeping sickness), and Giardia lamblia (causing giardiasis).
  • Helminthology: This is the study of parasitic worms or helminths, like tapeworms, roundworms, and flukes. They cause diseases such as schistosomiasis, ascariasis, and trichinosis.
  • Entomology: This specializes in arthropod parasites, including insects like mosquitoes, ticks, and lice, many of which are vectors for diseases such as Lyme disease, typhus, and malaria.

Host of the parasite:

  • Human Parasitology: This area focuses on parasites that infect humans and the diseases they cause.
  • Veterinary Parasitology: This subfield concentrates on parasites that affect animals, a crucial field for maintaining the health of livestock and pets.
  • Plant Parasitology: This discipline focuses on parasites that infect plants, including various fungi, bacteria, viruses, and nematodes.
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Based on the diseases caused:

  • Malariology: The study of malaria and its causative agents.
  • Trypanosomiasis Research: The study of trypanosomiasis and its causative agents.
  • Toxoplasmosis Research: The study of toxoplasmosis and its causative agents, and so forth.

Based on the techniques or disciplines involved:

  • Molecular Parasitology: This field applies molecular biology techniques to understand parasite biology, identify targets for drug design, and develop diagnostics.
  • Immunoparasitology: This discipline combines immunology and parasitology to study how the immune system interacts with parasites.
  • Epidemiological Parasitology: This uses epidemiology to understand the distribution and determinants of parasitic diseases in populations.

Remember that these categories can overlap, and many researchers work in several of these areas. Also, the field of parasitology itself is a sub-discipline of microbiology.

Discover the world of parasites with a comprehensive overview of parasitology classification. This resource provides a well-structured taxonomy of parasites, helping you understand the varied sub-disciplines within this field of study.

Protozoalogy Lecture 1

Delve into the first lecture of our series on protozoology. Embark on a journey to understand the single-celled organisms that may act as parasites, causing diseases in humans and other animals.

Protozoalogy Lecture 2

Continue your exploration of the Protozoa kingdom with our second lecture. Dive deeper into the complexity and diversity of these fascinating microscopic creatures.

Protozoalogy Lecture 3

The third lecture in our Protozoology series offers a further deep dive into the intriguing world of protozoan parasites. Expand your understanding of their lifecycle, morphology, and disease-causing capabilities.

Helminths Lecture 1

Initiate your exploration of Helminths with our first lecture. Learn about these worm-like parasites and their significant role in human diseases.

Helminths Lecture 2

Deepen your understanding of helminths with our second lecture. Gain insight into their lifecycle, host interaction, and impact on human health.

Helminths Lecture 3

Our third Helminths lecture covers advanced concepts related to these parasitic worms. Enhance your knowledge about their epidemiology, diagnosis, and management.

Central Nervous System Infections Notes & Diagrams

Explore the comprehensive notes and diagrams on central nervous system infections. Grasp the concept of how various pathogens, including parasites, can invade and affect the nervous system.

Cestodes (Tapeworms) Notes & Diagrams

Understand the biology and pathology of Cestodes or tapeworms through detailed notes and diagrams. Discover the unique life cycle of these parasites and their impact on hosts.

Ectoparasites Notes, Diagrams, & Illustrations

Learn about ectoparasites with our elaborate notes, informative diagrams, and vivid illustrations. These resources provide a thorough understanding of parasites living on the surface of the host.

Gastrointestinal Infections Notes & Diagrams

Comprehend the complex world of gastrointestinal infections caused by parasites. These notes and diagrams help clarify the pathogenesis, diagnosis, and treatment strategies.

Helminthology (Parasitology)

A comprehensive guide to the study of helminths. Helminthology, a subset of parasitology, focuses on worm-like parasites and their role in various diseases.

Hematologic Infections Notes, Diagrams, & Illustrations

Discover the realm of hematologic infections caused by parasites with our educational notes, informative diagrams, and explicit illustrations. Gain an understanding of these infections’ impact on the blood and immune system.

Lecture 1 Parasitology Classification

Begin your journey into parasitology with this first lecture focusing on classification. Gain an understanding of the broad categories of parasites and how they are systematically organized.

Lecture 2 Parasitology

The second lecture in our parasitology series delves further into the world of parasites. Continue exploring the characteristics, life cycles, and impacts of various parasitic organisms.

Lecture 3 Blood Protozoa

Our third lecture focuses on blood protozoa, single-celled organisms that can cause significant diseases through blood infection. Learn about their life cycles, morphology, and pathogenesis.

Lecture 4 Tissue Protozoa

The fourth lecture in our series provides detailed knowledge about tissue protozoa, a type of protozoa that primarily affects body tissues. Understand their intricate life cycles and the diseases they cause.

Lecture 5 Metazoa Helminthes

In our fifth lecture, we focus on Metazoa Helminths, complex multicellular organisms that live as parasites. Gain insights into their structure, life cycle, and the health issues they can cause.

Lecture 6 Helminthes

This sixth lecture offers a comprehensive understanding of helminths, detailing their biology, the diseases they cause, and how these diseases can be diagnosed and managed.

Lecture 7 Nematodes

The seventh lecture delves into the world of nematodes or roundworms, a type of helminth. Learn about their unique biology, life cycle, and their role as disease-causing organisms.

Lecture 8 Nematodes

In our eighth lecture, continue exploring nematodes. Gain a deeper understanding of their diversity, complexity, and the global health impact they have.

Nematodes Osmosis

Learn about the osmosis process in nematodes, an essential aspect of their survival and functioning. This resource provides insights into the adaptability and resilience of these organisms.

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Nematodes Osmosis.pdf

Protozoalogy (Parasitology)

A comprehensive guide to Protozoalogy, the study of protozoa. This sub-discipline of parasitology offers an understanding of these single-celled organisms, their life cycles, and their role in disease.

SGD Helminthes PPT

A PowerPoint presentation offering an overview of helminths for self-guided discovery (SGD). This resource provides a comprehensive understanding of these parasitic worms, with a focus on self-learning.

SGD Parasitology 1

Embark on a self-guided journey into the world of parasitology with our first module. This resource is designed to stimulate curiosity and encourage independent learning about various parasites.

SGD Parasitology 1 nk

Continue your independent learning journey with our next key resource on parasitology. This module further explores the diversity, lifecycle, and impact of various parasites.

SGD Parasitology 1(1)

Progress through your self-learning journey with our repeat module on parasitology. This resource allows for revision and reinforcement of previously learned concepts about parasites.

SGD Parasitology 2

Move on to the next stage of your self-guided learning in parasitology with our second module. This resource expands upon previous knowledge and introduces advanced parasitology concepts.

SGD Parasitology 2+3

A comprehensive self-guided module that combines knowledge from the second and third stages of our parasitology series. This resource provides an in-depth understanding of parasite biology and pathogenesis.

SGD Parasitology 2-1

An essential part of our self-guided parasitology series, this module bridges the gap between the second and first modules. This resource is perfect for revision and connecting ideas across the series.

Stool Examination 1 OSPE

Our first Objective Structured Practical Examination (OSPE) module on stool examination provides a step-by-step guide to identifying parasites. This practical resource is perfect for honing diagnostic skills.

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Stool Examination 2 OSPE

The second OSPE module on stool examination builds on the previous one to advance your diagnostic skills. Learn to identify a wider range of parasitic infections using stool samples.

Trematodes (Flatworms) Notes & Diagrams

Expand your knowledge of Trematodes or flatworms with our detailed notes and diagrams. Learn about the life cycle, host interactions, and diseases caused by these parasitic organisms.

Trypanosoma Notes, Diagrams, & Illustrations

Understand the complex world of Trypanosoma, a genus of protozoa, with our comprehensive notes, informative diagrams, and vivid illustrations. Gain a deep understanding of these parasites, their lifecycle, and the diseases they cause.


As we conclude this comprehensive tour of parasitology, we hope that you have gained a thorough understanding of parasites, their classification, and the diseases they cause. The resources, including notes, diagrams, and Small Group Discovery (SGD) learning materials, aim to deepen your knowledge and provide you with a solid foundation in parasitology. We encourage you to continue exploring this fascinating field and apply these insights to your future studies or practice.

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